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Ensuring Food Safety During Pregnancy: Protecting Mom and Baby

Updated: Jun 2, 2023

Posted on May 24, 2023. Author: Dahlia Abou El Hassan, MScFN, RD

Food Safety During Pregnancy

Pregnancy after fertility treatment is a time of great joy and anticipation, but it also comes with the responsibility of taking extra care to ensure the well-being of both the mother and the growing baby. One crucial aspect of prenatal care is practicing proper food safety. By being aware of potential risks and taking necessary precautions, expectant mothers can minimize the chances of foodborne illnesses and promote a healthy pregnancy. In this blog post, we will explore essential guidelines for maintaining food safety during pregnancy.


Understanding the Risks:

During pregnancy, hormonal changes can weaken the immune system, making expectant mothers more susceptible to foodborne illnesses. These illnesses, such as Salmonella, Listeria, and Toxoplasma, can have severe consequences for both the mother and the baby. Understanding the risks associated with certain foods is the first step in ensuring food safety.

Safe Food Handling Practices:

a. Cleanliness: Thoroughly wash hands with soap and warm water before handling any food. This simple practice helps eliminate harmful bacteria. Also, ensure that all utensils, cutting boards, and surfaces are clean.

b. Raw and Undercooked Foods: Avoid consuming raw or undercooked eggs, meat, poultry, and seafood, as they may contain bacteria or parasites that can cause infections. Cook meats to their recommended internal temperature, and make sure egg dishes are fully cooked.

c. Deli Meats and Hot Dogs: Deli meats and hot dogs can harbor Listeria, a bacteria that can cross the placenta and harm the baby. It is advisable to heat deli meats and hot dogs until steaming hot before consumption.

d. Seafood and Fish: While fish and seafood are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids, some varieties can contain high levels of mercury. Limit the consumption of large predatory fish, such as shark, swordfish, king mackerel, and tilefish, which tend to accumulate higher levels of mercury. Instead, choose low-mercury options like salmon, shrimp, and catfish.

e. Soft Cheeses and Unpasteurized Dairy Products: Soft cheeses like Brie, Camembert, and blue-veined varieties, as well as unpasteurized dairy products, may contain Listeria. Opt for pasteurized cheeses and dairy products to minimize the risk.


Fresh Fruits and Vegetables:

a. Washing Produce: Thoroughly wash all fruits and vegetables under running water to remove any dirt, pesticides, or bacteria that may be present on the surface. Use a scrub brush for produce with a tough outer skin or rind.

b. Safe Handling: After washing, store fruits and vegetables in a clean, dry place. Discard any spoiled or damaged produce.


Food Storage and Leftovers:

a. Refrigeration: Ensure that perishable foods, such as meat, poultry, seafood, and leftovers, are promptly refrigerated at or below 40°F (4°C) to prevent the growth of bacteria.

b. Leftovers: Consume refrigerated leftovers within two days, reheating them thoroughly until they are steaming hot. Discard any leftovers that have been left at room temperature for more than two hours.


Hydration and Pregnancy Supplements:

Staying hydrated is crucial during pregnancy. Drink an adequate amount of water throughout the day to support healthy bodily functions. Additionally, consult with your healthcare provider about recommended prenatal supplements to meet your nutritional needs.

Seeking Professional Advice:

Ensuring Food Safety During Pregnancy: Protecting Mom and Baby
Protecting Mom and Baby

Every pregnancy is unique, and individual dietary requirements may vary. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional, such as an obstetrician or a registered dietitian, who can provide personalized advice, address specific concerns, and guide you in making informed food choices.

In summary, maintaining food safety during pregnancy is essential for the health and well-being of both the mother and the baby. By following proper food handling practices, being aware of potential risks, and seeking professional guidance, expectant mothers can significantly reduce the chances of foodborne illnesses. Prioritizing food safety is a proactive step towards ensuring a healthy and enjoyable pregnancy journey.






NOTE: The content in this blog is solely for informational purposes and not a substitute for informed medical advice. For more information, and recipes or to book a nutrition session visit www.dahlianutrition.ca or follow me on Instagram dahlia_fertility_nutrition


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